Before starting any discussions, it is important to have knowledge of the ‘Code of Ethics’ by Pakistan Medical & Dental Council. So, here is the PART II
Medical Ethics and religion:
” A medical or or dental practitioner shall
respect the beliefs of the patients and shall not impose his beliefs on the patient.
Practice of medicine, surgery and dentistry prohibited without registration
etc with Council.-(1)
No person shall practice modern system of
medicine or surgery unless that person is a doctbrOr dentist having registered
qualification and valid registration with Pakistan Medical and Dental CounciL
(2) Every medical or dental practitioner has to ensure that his registration with
the Council is valid. –
Display of registration numbers.- (1):
Every medical or dental practitioner
shall, in his clinic or place of practice, display a copy of valid registration certificate
issued to him by the Council and referhis registratiorinumber in all his pre-
-scriptions, certificates, money receipts given to his patients. .
(2) No medical or dental practitioner shall display suffixing to his name those
degrees or diplomas which have not been -registered by the Council. A medical-or
dental practitioner shall not be considered a specialist unless an -additional qualification
of that specialty has been registered by the Council against his name.
Rational use of drugs.- (1)
Every Medical or dental practitioner shall adopt
practice with good and rational practices to prescribe drugs.
(2) A medical or dental practitioner shall
(a) be free to choose whom to serve, with whom to associate and lay
down the timings and place of professional service for the patients;
(b) not be bound to treat each and every’person asking his services, but
he shall not only be ever ready to respond to the calls of the sick and
the injured, if in his opinion the situation Warrants it as such, but shall
be mindful of the high character of his mission and the responsibility
he discharges in the course of his professional duties;
(c) in his treatment, never forget that the health and the lives of those
entrusted to his care depend on his skill and attention; and
(d) if not available due to any reaSOAand the patient requires continuous
monitoring or care, then the Medical or dental practitioner shall
arrange for another Medical or dental practitioner of sufficient
proficiency as an alternate and inform the patient.
(3) For. a medical or dental practitioner to advise a patient to. seek service of
another medical or dental practitioner is acceptable, however, in case of
emergency, the medical or dental practitioner must treat the patient firs\.
(4) No medical or dental practitioner shall normally refuse treatment to a patient,
however for good reason if the medical or dental practitioner thinks it would
not be appropriate to.provide his professional.services to a particular patient or
when a patient is suffering from an ailment which is not within the range of
experience of the treating medical or dental practitioner, the medical or dental
practitioner may refuse treatment and refer the patient to another medical or
Oath taken by Medical graduates in Pakistan:
At the time of being admitted as a member of the medical profession:
I solemnly pledge myself to consecrate my life to the service of humanity;
I will give to my teachers the respect and gratitude which is their due;
I will practice my profession with conscience and dignity;
The health of my patient will be my first consideration;
I will respect the secrets which are confided in me, even after the patient has died;
I will maintain by all the means in my power, the honour and the noble traditions of the medical profession;
My colleagues will be my sisters and brothers; and I will pay due respect and honour to them.
I will not permit considerations of age, disease or disability, creed, ethic origin, gender, nationality, political affiliation, race, sexual orientation, or social standing to intervene between my duty and my patient;
I will protect human life in all stages and under all circumstances, doing my utmost to rescue it from death, malady, pain and anxiety. To be, all the way, an instrument of Allah’s mercy, extending medical care to near and far, virtuous and sinner and friend and enemy.”
I make these promises solemnly, freely and upon my honour.
Adapted from the 2nd General Assembly of the World Medical Association, Geneva, Switzerland, September 1948; and amended by the 22nd World Medical Assembly, Sydney, Australia, August 1968; and the 35th World Medical Assembly, Venice, Italy, October 1983; and the 46th World Medical Association General Assembly, Stockholm, Sweden, September 1994. and the Islamic Medical Association Oath for Muslim Doctors.]
This is my very first post. So I’ll use this post to tell readers why I started this blog and what I plan to do with it.
Medical practice today is facing the challenges to professional boundaries at one end and struggling with patient preference vs clinical authority at the other. How we balance the patient-centered care with the greater good of community often leaves us perplexed with an unanswered question…what we ‘ought’ to do?
Ethics involves the application of a moral code to the practice of medicine. As healthcare providers, it is important for us to be conscious of what we do and why we do it. This blog is an attempt to create discourse on common ethical issues faced by healthcare providers and patients alike. To learn as we discuss and share experiences with a common goal of providing best possible healthcare despite limited resources.
Let’s first review the Pakistan Medical & Dental Council’s Code of Ethics:
Duties of Dental and Medical Practitioners (International Code of Medical Ethics)
Drawing on the Declaration of Geneva, the WMA formulated a more detailed code of ethics which was approved by the 3rd Assembly of the WMA meeting in London in 1949. The International Code of Medical Ethics was subsequently amended in 1968 by the 22nd Assembly of the WMA in Sydney and again in 1983 by the 35th Assembly held in Venice. The text, as amended, reads as follows:
Duties of Physicians in General
A physician shall always maintain the highest standards of professional conduct and should actively participated in continuous Medical Education .
A physician shall not permit motives of profit to influence the free and independent exercise of professional judgement on behalf of patients.
A physician shall, in all type of medical practice, be dedicated to providing competent medical services in full technical and moral independence, with compassion and respect for human dignity.
A physician shall deal honestly with patients and colleagues, and strive to expose those physicians deficient in character or competence, or who engage in fraud or deception.
The following practices are deemed to be unethical conduct:
- Self advertising by physicians, unless permitted by the laws of the country and the Code of Ethics of the Pakistan Medical Association.
- Paying or receiving any fee or any other consideration solely to procure the referral of a patient or for prescribing or referring a patient to any source.
A physician shall respect the rights of patients, of colleagues, and of other health professionals, and shall safeguard patient confidences.
A physician shall act only in the patient’s interest when providing medical care which might have the effect of weakening the physical and mental condition of the patient.
A physician shall use great caution in divulging discoveries or new techniques or treatment through non-professional channels.
A physician shall certify only that which he has personally verified.
Duties of Physicians to the Sick
A physician shall always bear in mind the obligation of preserving human life.
A physician shall owe his patients complete loyalty and all the resources of his science.
Whenever an examination or treatment is beyond the physician’s capacity he should summon another physician who has the necessary ability.
A physician shall preserve absolute confidentiality on all he knows about his patient even after the patient has died.
A physician shall give emergency care as a humanitarian duty unless he is assured that others are willing and able to give such care.
Duties of Physicians to each other
A physician shall behave towards his colleagues as he would have them behave towards him.
A physician shall not entice patients from his colleagues.
A physician shall observe the principles of the “Declaration of Geneva” approved by the World Medical Association.